‘Coronavirus recession’ could put Hawaii in $3.8 billion hole by 2025

NEWS RELEASE from the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii

Reckless state spending is exhausting our emergency reserves

HONOLULU, Feb. 25, 2020 >> Gov. David Ige’s budget for fiscal 2021 could result in a $3.8 billion state deficit by fiscal 2025, if a prolonged recession caused by the coronavirus should hit, according to the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii. 

A report released Monday by the Economic Research Organization at the University of Hawaii concluded that Hawaii’s economy, heavily dependent on tourism, could be hit hard because of coronavirus-related travel concerns.  

Earlier Grassroot Institute of Hawaii research showed that the state already is spending more than it has been taking in, which means the state will have less money to cope with any emergencies — such as a possible “coronavirus recession.”

According to the institute’s research, the governor’s current budget shows the state drawing on its surplus to fund its ambitious programs, from $606 million in fiscal 2020 to $107 million in fiscal 2023. In fiscal 2017, the state’s financial reserves were more than $1 billion.

Keli’i Akina, Grassroot Institute of Hawaii president and CEO, said based on the state’s current spending trend, if Hawaii were to experience anything close to the Great Recession of 2007-2008, that could leave the state with a nearly $4 billion deficit by fiscal 2025.

“Hawaii’s lawmakers have overspent during the good times, and now are unprepared if bad times should hit,” he said. “We hope this doesn’t happen, but the governor’s current spending plans are not comforting.”

Akina noted that during the Great Recession, Hawaii experienced an average 0.1% annual reduction in tax revenues from fiscal 2007 to fiscal 2011. If the state were to experience a similar reduction in tax revenues starting in fiscal 2021 without trimming its spending, this could result in a deficit of $597 million in fiscal 2022 and $3.8 billion by fiscal 2025, according to a stress test conducted by the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii.

When Hawaii entered the previous recession in 2007, it had a surplus of
$732 million, and lawmakers still had to make deep cuts of $1 billion in planned spending from the fiscal 2009-2011 biennium budget. 

“The governor’s budget is unsustainable,” Akina said. “Hawaii policymakers should be focusing on living within our means, and preparing for an emergency.

“They could do that by restricting spending, building reserves and lowering taxation to encourage a healthier economy. Doing so would put the state on a better footing to deal with a recession, and have the happy benefit of lowering the cost of living for Hawaii residents.”


The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii is an independent 501(c)(3) nonprofit research and educational institution that seeks, in the spirit of “E hana kakou!” (Let’s work together), to educate people about the value of individual liberty, economic freedom and accountable government, with the goal of achieving a better economy, better governance and a better society. To arrange an interview with Keli’i Akina, please call Mark Coleman at (808) 386-9047, or email mark.coleman@grassrootinstitute.org.

Subscribe to our free newsletter!

Get updates on what we're doing to make Hawaii affordable for everyone.
Want more?

Get content like this delivered straight to your inbox. We’ll also send updates on what we’re doing to make Hawaii affordable for everyone.

Recent Posts