The following was issued as news release by the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii on April 28, 2020.
Major reforms could help the pension system honor its promises
HONOLULU, April 29, 2020 >> If you think Hawaii’s unfunded public pension liabilities of $14 billion are daunting now, brace yourself for what they could be in just a short while.
A new tool from the California-based Reason Foundation shows that if the system’s investments decline significantly during the next year, thanks to the coronavirus recession, its total unfunded liabilities could go through the roof.
Developed by the foundation’s Pension Integrity Project, the tool estimates that an investment value decline of between 5% and 25% would increase the system’s unfunded liabilities to between $16.5 billion and $20 billion.
And that’s not all.
A financial stress test by the state Employees’ Retirement System’s own managers shows that if the system’s investments decline in value by 20% this year and returns are only 5% in subsequent years, its unfunded liabilities could triple by fiscal 2049 to $44 billion.
That would threaten the ability of the system to pay the benefits it has promised to Hawaii’s retired public employees. It also would bust the budgets of the state and counties, which presumably would turn to Hawaii’s taxpayers to help bail them out.
According to the Pension Integrity Project, a 5% decrease in the value of the ERS portfolio would put Hawaii residents on the hook for $11,625 per person; a 25% drop, $14,047. It would be the third worst per-capita public pension debt in the nation, behind only Alaska and Illinois.
Normally such projections might seem like crying wolf, but these are not normal times. The nation is reeling because of economic troubles triggered by the coronavirus pandemic, and there is no telling how deep state pension fund losses around the nation, including Hawaii, could go.
The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii has been warning for years about the growing unfunded liabilities of the state Employees’ Retirement System. Keli’i Akina, institute president and CEO, said the current situation truly is a wake-up call.
“When the public pension system is in trouble, so are taxpayers and retired public workers,” he said.
With tax revenues also falling because of the recession, he said, state and county lawmakers will find it harder to pour more money into the fund, and taxpayers need to be on guard against any new tax-increase proposals to bail out the fund.
“Hawaii policymakers could have prepared for a black swan event such as this long before,” Akina said. “Now Hawaii’s leaders will need to have difficult conversations about the long-term sustainability of the public pension system. Reforms such as new plan options for new employees, changes in vesting periods and an end to pension spiking could help mitigate against further unfunded liabilities.”
The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii issued a detailed report in January 2019, ”How to resolve Hawaii’s public pension crisis,” about ways Hawaii’s public pension system could be made financially sustainable.
That report is as relevant now as it was then, if not more so.
 “2019 Valuation Results,” Employees’ Retirement System of the State of Hawaii,” Jan. 13, 2019, https://ers.ehawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/June-30-2019-GRS-Presentation.pdf.
 “Previewing the COVID-19 Impact on State Pension Plans,” Pension Integrity Project, Reason Foundation, April 22, 2020, https://reason.org/commentary/previewing-the-covid-19-impact-on-state-pension-plans.
 Craig Harai, Hawaii finance director, in letter to Hawaii Senate President Ron Kouchi and House Speaker Scott Saiki, Dec. 26, 2019, p. 9, https://ers.ehawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/Stress-Test-2019.pdf.
 “Previewing the COVID-19 Impact on State Pension Plans,” Pension Integrity Project. Even now, Hawaii is the third worst, with the per-capita figure equaling $10,008. Worst is Illinois, $11,227, followed by Connecticut, $10,223.
 Joe Kent, “How to resolve Hawaii’s public pension crisis,” Grassroot Institute of Hawaii, January 2019, https://grassrootinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/How-to-resolve-Hawaiis-public-pension-debt-crisis.pdf.