The following testimony was submitted by the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii for consideration by the Honolulu City and County Council on March 15, 2023.
March 15, 2023
Honolulu City Council Chambers
To: Honolulu City and County Council
Tommy Waters, Chair
Esther Kia‘aina, Vice Chair
From: Grassroot Institute of Hawaii
Ted Kefalas, Director of Strategic Campaigns
RE: Bill 38 (2022) — RELATING TO REAL PROPERTY TAXATION
Dear Chair and Committee Members:
The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii would like to offer its comments on Bill 38 (2022), which would change the formula for calculating the eligibility for the real property tax credit.
This bill would change the eligibility from its current limit of $60,000 in total household income to “80 percent of the area median income established for a two person household,” as estimated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for the Honolulu area.
For 2022, the income for a two-person household making 80% of the Honolulu area median would be $83,600 a year.
This is a good bill because in addition to providing relief, it would shift the qualifying figure from a set dollar figure to a percentage of area median income, in effect indexing the amount to ensure that such relief would adjust over time to reflect changes in Honolulu’s cost of living.
Property tax credits, also known as “circuit breakers,” are used nationwide to ensure that lower income property owners who are “land rich, cash poor” receive property tax relief. Every county in the state, except for Hawaii island, employs some form of circuit breaker.
Between fiscal years 2012 and 2022, this program reduced Honolulu residents’ tax burdens by almost $40 million.
According to a report from the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, a policy research group based in Cambridge, Massachusett, “Property tax circuit breakers are meant to prevent homeowners from being overburdened by property taxes, just as an electrical circuit breaker prevents electric current overloads.”
The Lincoln Institute report suggested that circuit breakers are useful as a targeted way to provide relief to households who might be most burdened by rising property taxes.
The Grassroot Institute discusses circuit breakers and other property tax relief mechanisms in a forthcoming policy brief that we hope to share with you soon.
If enacted, this bill would not lower taxes across the board, but it would be a good first step in helping homeowners cope with the tax consequences of continually increasing property valuations.
We look forward to future discussion on this matter.
Thank you for the opportunity to testify.
Director of Strategic Campaigns
Grassroot Institute of Hawaii
 “2022 Income Limits,” Honolulu Department of Planning and Permitting, July 11, 2022, p. 1.
 UIPA request filed with the Honolulu Department of Budget and Fiscal Services, Dec. 8, 2022.
 Adam Langley and Joan Youngman, “Property Tax Relief for Homeowners,” Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Nov. 2021, p. 38.